Dieta főoldal   Fokhagyma






Tartalomjegyzék Fokhagyma - A természetes antibiotikum Fokhagyma hatásai Utolsó lap

Fokhagyma, Garlic


While there is ample evidence to indicate the health benefits of diets rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts, no specific food has been acknowledged by scientists and government regulatory authorities as providing a health benefit. Current medical research is focused on whether health effects could be due to specific essential nutrients or phytochemicals.The following is a list of phytochemicals present in commonly consumed foods.




Phenolic compounds

  • Hydroxycinnamic acids
    • Caffeic acid burdock, hawthorn, artichoke, pear, basil, thyme, oregano, apple.
    • Chlorogenic acid echinacea, strawberries, pineapple, coffee, sunflower, blueberries.
    • Cinnamic acid cinnamon, aloe.
    • Ferulic acid oats, rice, artichoke, orange, pineapple, apple, peanut.
    • Coumarin – citrus fruits, maize.

Terpenes (isoprenoids)

  • Carotenoids (tetraterpenoids)
    • Carotenes - orange pigments
      • α-Carotene – to vitamin A, in carrots, pumpkins, maize, tangerine, orange.
      • β-Carotene – to vitamin A, in dark, leafy greens and red, orange and yellow fruits and vegetables.
      • γ-Carotene
      • δ-Carotene
      • Lycopene – Vietnam Gac, tomatoes, grapefruit, watermelon, guava, apricots, carrots, autumn olive.
      • Neurosporene
      • Phytofluene star fruit, sweet potato, orange.
      • Phytoene – sweet potato, orange.
    • Xanthophylls - yellow pigments.
      • Canthaxanthin paprika.
      • Cryptoxanthin – mango, tangerine, orange, papaya, peaches, avocado, pea, grapefruit, kiwi.
      • Zeaxanthin wolfberry, spinach, kale, turnip greens, maize, eggs, red pepper, pumpkin, oranges.
      • Astaxanthin – microalge, yeast, krill, shrimp, salmon, lobsters, and some crabs
      • Lutein – spinach, turnip greens, romaine lettuce, eggs, red pepper, pumpkin, mango, papaya, oranges, kiwi, peaches, squash, legumes, brassicates, prunes, sweet potatoes, honeydew melon, rhubarb, plum, avocado, pear.
      • Rubixanthin rose hips.
  • Monoterpenes
    • Limonene oils of citrus, cherries, spearmint, dill, garlic, celery, maize, rosemary, ginger, basil.
    • Perillyl alcohol – citrus oils, caraway, mints.
  • Saponins – soybeans, beans, other legumes, maize, alfalfa.
  • Lipids
    • Phytosterols almonds, cashews, peanuts, sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, whole wheat, maize, soybeans, many vegetable oils.
      • Campesterol - buckwheat.
      • beta Sitosterol – avocados, rice bran, wheat germ, corn oils, fennel, peanuts, soybeans, hawthorn, basil, buckwheat.
      • gamma sitosterol
      • Stigmasterol – buckwheat.
    • Tocopherols (vitamin E)
    • omega-3, 6,9 fatty acids – dark-green leafy vegetables, grains, legumes, nuts.
  • Triterpenoid
    • Oleanolic acid - American pokeweed, honey mesquite, garlic, java apple, cloves, and many other Syzygium species.
    • Ursolic acid - apples, basil, bilberries, cranberries, elder flower, peppermint, lavender, oregano, thyme, hawthorn, prunes.
    • Betulinic acid - Ber tree, white birch, tropical carnivorous plants Triphyophyllum peltatum and Ancistrocladus heyneanus, Diospyros leucomelas a member of the persimmon family, Tetracera boiviniana, the jambul (Syzygium formosanum), and many other Syzygiumspecies.
    • Moronic acid - Rhus javanica (a sumac), mistletoe

[edit]Betalains

Organosulfides

Indoles, glucosinolates/ sulfur compounds

Protein inhibitors

Other organic acids

  • Oxalic acid – orange, spinach, rhubarb, tea and coffee, banana, ginger, almond, sweet potato, bell pepper.
  • Phytic acid (inositol hexaphosphate) – cereals, nuts, sesame seeds, soybeans, wheat, pumpkin, beans, almonds.
  • Tartaric acid – apricots, apples, sunflower, avocado, grapes.
  • Anacardic acid - cashews, mangoes.







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